04 April 2021 - Does the wage gap exist because of gender? NO.
The gender wage gap does not exist, because any wage gap between men and women is not because of gender. Women paid less than less men on average are not paid less because they are women, they are paid less due to a range of factors such as personality differences, job type and time spent in work, which we will prove in this article.
Some gender wage gap statistics may show that women earn less than men on average, but these gender pay gap statistics are often misinterpreted by feminists and the political left. Despite the left’s best efforts to refute reality, let me state a fact: men and women are different. The important question to ask is why do women get paid less than men sometimes?
There are many biological and psychological differences between males and females. The biological differences between men and women are profound. Biologically men and women have different hormonal profiles, men having more testosterone which can affect brain chemistry and personality.
Our brains are different on a biological level, you may have heard of the male and female brain.
Here's the deal:
There is a proven difference between the male and female brain. The male brain is around 10% bigger than the female brain (men are physically bigger) but it does not affect intelligence, there are no intelligence differences between men and women.
The inferior-parietal lobule tends to be larger in males, this part of the brain is linked to solving mathematical problems, which may be why men tend to enter STEM fields (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) more than women, which we’ll go into greater depth later in the article.
There is evidence that women have more grey matter than men in their brains. Grey matter helps our brain process information from the body and is present in regions of the brain involved in muscle control and sensory perception.
Although women have more grey matter than men, they tend to use more white matter, which connects processing centers in the brain. Whereas men tend to make more use of their grey matter despite having less of it on average.
Difference between male and female brain.
Here’s the bottom line:
Men and women have structurally different brains, but they also use their brains differently! This may be why men tend to excel with task-orientated projects, but women are better at language processing and multitasking.
Needless to say, men and women have different brains on a biological level which would explain the differences in psychology and personality which we’ll discuss now.
On the psychological front, we are not talking about intelligence or IQ; studies have shown that men and women score equally on IQ or intelligence metrics. Men are not more intelligent than women, or vice versa, I’m not saying that at all. There is no difference between men and women when it comes to cognitive ability, the data is clear on that.
Where men and women do differ is on personality traits. Psychologists use the Big Five Model to understand personality which identifies 5 distinct personality metrics. These are:
1) Agreeableness – Agreeable people are generally trusting, generous, kind, considerate, and very willing to compromise even if it conflicts with their own interests. Agreeable people are often empathetic and have an optimistic view of human nature. Disagreeable people are more selfish, suspicious, unfriendly, uncooperative, and argumentative. Disagreeable people have less concern for other people’s feelings and emotions.
2) Openness – Openness to experience is defined as having an appreciation for adventure, imagination, curiosity, and unusual ideas. Open people tend to be more creative and aware of their feelings. However, open individuals are more likely to suffer from addiction problems and engage in more risky behaviors. Unopen people have difficulty understanding abstract ideas and have poor imaginations.
3) Conscientiousness – Conscientious people are extremely hard-working, self-disciplined, and strive for achievement. They are often stubborn and extremely focused on achieving a particular goal. Conscientious people like order, follow a schedule, pay attention to detail, and are always prepared. Unconscientious people are disorganized, impulsive, and lazy. Conscientiousness correlates strongly to success, people who score high on conscientiousness are often extremely successful in their careers.
4) Extraversion – Extraverted people love to engage with the outside world. They love interacting with people and come across as extremely high energy in social situations. They appear more dominant in a group, like to talk and assert themselves regularly. Introverts are the opposite who will come across as very shy and uncomfortable in social situations and prefer to spend time inside and alone.
5) Neuroticism – Neuroticism is a tendency to experience negative emotions such as anxiety, anger, and depression. Neurotic people have a low tolerance for stress, let minor difficulties upset them, and are generally perceived as extremely negative or pessimistic. People who score low on neuroticism have a stable mood and come across as relaxed most of the time.
So, do men and women score differently on the Big Five personality test?
Yes! The data is in and there is clear evidence of personality differences between women and men. Among college and adult samples with the Five Factor Model of personality, women score higher than men for agreeableness and neuroticism. Women are more agreeable and neurotic than men.
On the Big Five personality test with openness and extroversion, men and women show very little difference when sampled over a large population. Men and women also score similarly on conscientiousness on the Big Five test, however over a large sample, men appear slightly more industrious, and women are slightly more orderly. The differences are negligible with conscientiousness though.
This personality trait data is taken over a huge sample of people and we’re talking about on average. So, if you picked a random woman and a random man from a large group, most likely the woman would be more agreeable and neurotic than the man.
That’s not to say there are no disagreeable women out there, of course, there are and there’s plenty of agreeable men! There are outliers on all ends of the spectrum and we’re not diminishing individual differences here, we’re talking about statistics and probabilities with psychological differences between men and women.
So, what do we know so far?
We know from research that women are more agreeable and neurotic than men. Agreeable people tend to earn less than disagreeable people. Why? For a start, agreeable people don’t like conflict and are less assertive in pursuing their own selfish needs.
Here’s an example:
Who is more likely to ask their boss for a promotion? The disagreeable individual.
An agreeable person would be less likely to ask for a promotion as they would fear it would involve conflict. They more likely value getting along with their boss than risking a conflict for a pay rise.
Personality traits such as agreeableness are why women pursue different jobs than men. Agreeable people are more caring, so are more likely to pick professions such as nursing and childcare, which are careers that may pay less than careers disagreeable people choose.
A disagreeable person is more likely to choose a career such as a lawyer, considering they thrive in argumentative environments. Lawyers get paid more nurses, whether that should be the case is debatable of course.
On average taken from a large sample, agreeable individuals prefer working with people, whereas disagreeable people are more interested in things and working alone. That’s why men are more likely to go into STEM fields (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) than women. STEM fields pay more in the current job climate as they are in high demand.
Women are more neurotic than men, statistically on average, of course. Women are more likely to have a lower tolerance for stress and be more susceptible to mental health problems caused by stress. Higher-paying jobs can often come with more stress than lower-paying jobs.
Men may choose more stressful careers, but highly neurotic women may shy away from them. Plenty of women can handle stress and work in stressful careers though (I can hear the feminists about to explode), we’re making a generalization here, but a statistically significant one, nevertheless.
I hear you saying:
Women aren’t encouraged to work in STEM fields because of gender biases in society!
Well, let’s look at the most egalitarian societies on Earth where they have taken gender equality to the max. Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Iceland all consistently rank as the world’s most gender-equal countries according to the World Economic Forum. They have tried to achieve equality of outcome.
Here’s the kicker:
In countries with higher gender equality, women are less likely to get STEM degrees. When a country tries to equalize gender differences to achieve so-called equality, the differences between men and women are exaggerated! More men enter STEM fields, and more women enter careers in nursing, childcare, and teaching.
The most egalitarian countries such as Finland and Norway have the lowest percentage of women that are STEM graduates and more conservative countries such as Turkey, United Arab Emirates and Algeria have the highest percentage of women that are STEM graduates.
Gender gap index 2020, most gender-equal countries.
You can’t socially engineer out gender differences, more social engineering results in more gender disparity. Men and women are different, most sensible people have known this since the dawn of human history. The research has proven it but it’s common sense to most people that women are more agreeable than men and have different career interests which is what causes the wage disparity.
A woman doing the same job (with the same qualifications and experience) as a man in countries such as the United Kingdom and the United States will get paid the same providing they work the same hours (maternity leave is obviously a factor). It is illegal for an employee to do otherwise.
Men may pick higher-earning careers, push more aggressively for promotion and work longer hours over a lifetime. On average and at face value, men may earn more on some statistics, but it’s not due to gender at all, it’s due to personality differences.
There’s plenty of women who do enter STEM fields and there isn’t and shouldn’t be anything stopping them, we all strive for equal opportunity and in most western countries in 2021, we have it.
It’s advisable for a woman looking to advance her career to be less agreeable and push for that promotion, nothing is stopping them!
We’ve covered a lot in this article from the biological differences and psychological differences between genders to how social engineering makes little difference to what careers men and women pick.
The evidence is there, the data is in and you can’t argue with it. Wage gap debunked!
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Published: 04 April 2021
Last Updated: 03 August 2021
1) Battle of the Brain: Men Vs. Women: https://www.nm.org/healthbeat/healthy-tips/battle-of-the-brain-men-vs-women-infographic
2) Big Five personality traits: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Big_Five_personality_traits
3) The Big Five Personality Traits: https://www.simplypsychology.org/big-five-personality.html
4) Gender Differences in Five Factor Model Personality Traits in an Elderly Cohort: Extension of Robust and Surprising Findings to an Older Generation: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2031866/
5) Personality and pay: do gender gaps in confidence explain gender gaps in wages?: https://academic.oup.com/oep/article/70/4/919/5046671
6) Here are the top 10 countries in the world for gender equality: https://www.businessinsider.com/top-10-world-gender-equality-world-economic-forum-2019-12?r=US&IR=T
7) In countries with higher gender equality, women are less likely to get STEM degrees: https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2018/02/does-gender-equality-result-in-fewer-female-stem-grads
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